Going to World Cup in Russia? Check out mobile speeds you can expect.
As the world’s largest country, the Russian Federation has a lot of ground to cover when it comes to mobile infrastructure.
In Q1 2018, data from Speedtest Intelligence® shows that Russia ranked 78th in the world, between Malaysia and Chile, for mean download speed over mobile. This ranking places Russia ahead only of Belarus and the Ukraine in Europe. For upload speed, Russia ranks 91st, between Indonesia and Argentina. Change is on the horizon, though, with network improvements resulting in a 14.3% increase in mobile download speed.
After being the first carrier in Russia to launch VoLTE in 2016, MegaFon has continued deploying various advanced LTE technologies in preparation for 5G. By applying Massive MIMO on a single 20 MHz-wide cell typically capable of 150 Mbps with 2×2 MIMO, MegaFon and Huawei were able to achieve 800 Mbps sector capacity without adding any additional spectrum. Equipped with this knowledge and Huawei’s expertise, MegaFon was able to reach peak speeds of 35 Gbps in a 5G test in St. Petersburg in June 2017 using 2 GHz of bandwidth in the 70 GHz “E-Band”. In addition, MegaFon has successfully launched Gigabit LTE in Moscow using 60 MHz of spectrum (1800 MHz, 2600 MHz) and enhanced with 4×4 MIMO and 256 QAM. Presumably these improvements will also benefit Yota, a subsidiary of MegaFon.
Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) has been addressing capacity demand in major metropolitan areas by performing software upgrades on its base stations that double the peak speeds of the existing spectrum (1800 MHz and 2600 MHz). By deploying the “trifecta” of advanced LTE features (Carrier Aggregation, 4×4 MIMO and 256 QAM), MTS can provide more capacity, wider usable coverage area and decrease the power consumption at the base station by up to 50%.
Along with a variety of spectrum and infrastructure sharing agreements throughout many regions, Beeline (VimpelCom) has started testing LTE in the Unlicensed spectrum in partnership with Huawei. This move is in preparation for 5G and the upcoming wave of internet of things (IoT) enabled objects. These partners also announced equipment readiness for Five Channel Carrier Aggregation (5xCA) using a total of 55 MHz of spectrum (800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2600 MHz).
As a follow up to piloting inter-site carrier aggregation back in 2016, Tele2 has implemented a wide range of solutions such as Self-Optimized Network (SON), Wi-Fi calling and a continued expansion of its coverage footprint using low band 450 MHz and 800 MHz frequency bands. In a joint field trial with Nokia, Tele2 demonstrated a 5G test using Nokia AirFrame systems coupled with AirScale technology in the 4.5 GHz band. This trial used an 8×8 MIMO configuration.