free mobile roaming

Which? calls for trade deals to extend free mobile roaming beyond Europe

Including free roaming in trade deal negotiations could save UK holidaymakers significant amounts of money. There’s been no extra costs for using your phone in European Union countries since June 2017. But Which? research reveals holidaymakers still face punitive roaming charges in the USA, Australia, New Zealand and Japan – all countries the UK is in negotiations over trade deals with – and in the case of Japan, has agreed in principle. Find out more about free mobile roaming in Europe and rest of the world below.

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In the USA, Australia or New Zealand, Plusnet customers would also face a £30 fee to upload a 5MB photo, while Tesco Mobile and Virgin Mobile customers would have to pay a steep £25. Plusnet, Tesco and Virgin and BT customers could also face a high bill for visiting Japan. Uploading a 5MB photo would cost Plusnet customers £30 and customers of the other three networks £25. Which? reveals the most and least expensive networks for each country, why trade deals should include free roaming, and how you can save money today.

Why trade deals matter to roaming?

If no trade deal is agreed between the UK and EU, networks will be allowed to charge you extra for using your phone in the EU from 1 January 2021. But that doesn’t mean they will. EE, O2, Vodafone and Three have said they have no plans to charge extra. Which? wants the existing ban on roaming charges to be maintained, to ensure consumers are not faced with higher charges for calls and data when travelling. Free roaming works in the EU because there is a limit on the wholesale rates that networks can charge each other, as well as a ban on retail surcharges. Now the UK can sign its own trade deals with non-EU countries, the government could include roaming provisions as part of trade deals.

How much could you save? free mobile roaming

Roaming charges vary hugely between networks and even between customers on the same network, if they’ve bought a specific travel package (more on those below). To simplify matters, we’ve looked at charges in different countries for using your phone in four typical ways:

  • Google Maps – five minutes of use
  • Spotify – streaming a four minute song at normal quality
  • Uploading a photo – a single 5MB photo
  • Calling home – a three-minute call to a UK number

Bear in mind that even if you don’t use your phone, it may still be using data in the background, such as automatically backing up photos in the cloud. Your network may cap your monthly bill, and it’s possible to set your own cap – avoiding exorbitant charges, but leaving you cut off if you don’t have wifi. You can find out more about caps below.

USA, Australia and New Zealand free mobile roaming europe

It’s possible to roam for free in all three countries – providing you’re a customer of Three. The US, Australia and New Zealand are among the 71 countries in Three’s ‘Go Roam’ scheme, which lets you use your UK call, text and data allowance for no extra cost. At the other end of the scale, Plusnet customers face the highest prices for data.

Back in the UK, the prices charged by the two networks are similar, with Three Sim-only plans starting from £5/month for 1GB data and unlimited calls and texts, whilst Plusnet starts from £6/month for 2GB data plus unlimited calls and texts.

Customers of BT Mobile, EE, O2, Sky Mobile and Vodafone currently have to pay daily for travel data passes covering data use in the US, Australia and New Zealand. As these are flat fees (£6, £4.80, £4.99, £6 and £6 respectively) they tend to benefit heavier data users, whilst light users will get charged for any use. Here are the most and least expensive networks if you’re headed stateside or downunder:


Roaming in the USA, Australia and New Zealand

  • £6 – The highest price for five minutes on Google Maps, charged by BT Mobile1, Sky Mobile2 , EE3 and Vodafone4  £17.28 – The highest price for a song on Spotify, charged by Plusnet
  • £30 – The highest price for uploading a photo, charged by Plusnet
  • £6 – The highest price for calling home, charged by Sky Mobile2, Virgin Mobile and Vodafone4

1. BT Mobile Travel Data Pass is £6/day for 500MB 2. Sky Mobile charges £6 a day to use your UK data allowance 3. Except in the US where EE charges £4.80 for its Travel Data Pass which provides an allowance of 500MB a day 4. Vodafone charges £6/day to use your UK minutes, texts and data allowance, but free on some plans. Japan and India Travellers to Asia could save even more if free roaming was included in trade deals.

Neither country is in Three’s Go Roam scheme, although Three was the cheapest network for a call home (£2 for three minutes). The cheapest network for data when travelling in either country was Giff Gaff, charging 58p to stream a four minute song from Spotify, or £1 to upload a 5MB photo in Japan or India.

Japan or India-bound travellers are more at risk of a shock bill when they get home due to the huge disparity in prices for uploading a picture, as our graph indicates:

roaming eu
Pic. 1 The price of a picture in Japan and India

Can you cap your bills?

All mobile network providers have a 50 euro (approx. £45) monthly cap on roaming under current EU rules to prevent customers from racking up expensive bills. You can also set your own cap, or choose to remove your cap altogether. Some networks will warn you if you’re approaching your limit. BT, for instance, sends you a text when you reach 80% of your cap, as does Plusnet.
roaming eu uk

How can you save on roaming? free mobile roaming europe

You could just turn off roaming – even if you don’t use the internet, or call home, your phone may still be using data in the background (this can also be turned off, for some apps). You’ll still be able to use wifi, where it’s available.

It is possible to buy local Sim cards in some countries when you travel, although your phone will need to be unlocked.

Alternative is to get international SIM card even before departure or eSIM if you want an instant connection and your phone support it.



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