In a first phase, the police need to test the technology to develop the software used. In phase two, the technology will be used by border inspectors at Skavsta Airport. The police believe that the test is necessary for the facial verification in sharp operation in phase two to be done in a legally secure and non-discriminatory manner.
The Data Inspectorate finds that, as the legislation is currently designed, the police cannot carry out tests with sensitive personal data, which is biometric data.
– Our assessment is that the police have a clear need to carry out the intended test, but in order to make this possible a change in legislation is required. That’s why we send our response to the police’s prior consultation for information to the government, says Elena Mazzotti Pallard, a lawyer at the Data Inspectorate.
According to EU and national legislation, the police are already entitled to carry out biometric checks at border checks. In future EU legislation, the police will have an increased duty to carry out such checks.
The National Police Authorities will introduce the technology in early December. It has become popular among organised crime to using stolen passports when crossing borders in Europe and the technology will help identify frauds.
By 2022 all border crossings in the Schengen area shall use this technology.