Since the GSA last edition of this report, launches of LTE networks have been announced in two countries that previously did not have a launched LTE network: Niger and Nieu.
• Most remaining LTE not-spots are remote island territories and states or are countries in Africa: Central African Republic, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Mauritania, South Sudan, and Western Sahara. Other notable LTE not-spots are Cuba and North Korea.
This map is from Evolution from LTE to 5G – August 2019 published by GSA and available from www.gsacom.com. Data is drawn from the GSA GAMBoD NTS database
LTE stands for Long-term Evolution, and isn’t as much a technology as it is the path followed to achieve 4G speeds. For a long time, when your phone displayed the “4G” symbol in the upper right corner, it didn’t really mean it. When the ITU-R set the minimum speeds for 4G, they were a bit unreachable, despite the amount of money tech manufacturers put into achieving them.
In response, the regulating body decided that LTE, the name given to the technology used in pursuit of those standards, could be labeled as 4G if it provided a substantial improvement over the 3G technology.
The ITU-R set standards for 4G connectivity in March 2008, requiring all services described as 4G to adhere to a set of speed and connection standards. For mobile use, including smartphones and tablets, connection speeds need to have a peak of at least 100 megabits per second, and for more stationary uses such as mobile hot spots, at least 1 gigabit per second.
LTE is a kind of 4G that provides fastest connection to mobile Internet experience