Poland is a Fast Grower market in Eastern Europe with 5 operators and 55.6 million mobile connections.
Regulatory Agency: Office of Telecommunications and Post Regulation (URTiP)
Telekomunikacja Polska (France Telecom and Kulczyk Holding)
Poland’s liberalised telecom market has seen considerable development in all sectors. The incumbent telco Orange Poland has seen its market share dwindle in the face of competition and a regulatory environment which has facilitated the market entry of new players and extended network to Orange Poland’s fibre and copper networks.
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The mobile market in recent years has been characterised by the rapid extension of LTE networks and the development of services. By early 2017 mobile penetration stood at around 142%, among the highest rates in the region. For many years the popularity among consumers for keeping two or more SIM cards distorted the mobile penetration rate. This has been addressed on to fronts: by the regulator encouraging network operators to disconnect dormant SIM cards, and by the government which passed legislation, effective from February 2017, which obliged prepaid SIM card holders to register their details with network providers. As a result there has been a significant readjustment in the number of subscribers in the market since 2015.
The market has effective competition from a number of MNOs, and has room for about 20 MVNOs. ARPU continues to be adversely affected by retail tariff competition and regulatory mandated reductions in mobile termination rates and roaming tariffs. However, operators anticipate that ARPU will stabilise in coming years in line with consumer adoption of mobile data services, facilitated by improved network infrastructure. LTE networks provide extensive population coverage, which will increase further into 2017 as operators make greater use of concessions in the 800MHz and 2600MHz bands, released to them in early 2016, and refarm spectrum currently used for GSM and 3G services.
Poland’s fixed broadband market has benefited from excellent cross-platform competition, with comprehensive DSL infrastructure complemented by extensive cable networks and a growing fibre presence. Commercial considerations meant that fibre was for some years restricted to a number of urban areas, though more recently the sector has received considerable financial support from the government and the European Union. This support is aimed at building fibre-based networks across the country (particularly in eastern areas) and promoting fibre connectivity to end-users. As a result, the proportion of broadband subscribers receiving a service of at least 100Mb/s has increased sharply in recent years. In the cable sector some market consolidation has continued with the acquisition by Liberty Global of the cable assets of Multimedia Polska.
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This report covers key aspects of Poland’s evolving telecom market, presenting comprehensive data and information on market players, fixed-line networks and technologies, the wholesale market, as well as an overview of key regulatory developments. The report also reviews the mobile market, providing profiles of the major operators together with updated operating and financial results. It details recent regulatory measures and spectrum auction results, and assesses the reach and capabilities of deployed mobile technologies. In addition the profiles the fixed broadband and digital media markets, including a review of the key market players, statistics and technology platforms, and an assessment of recent market developments. It also includes fixed-line broadband forecasts to 2022.